The origins of the American Civil War, from the upheaval of the Industrial Revolution and the animosity provided by the Nullification Crisis, through secession and the firing on Fort Sumter.
Below are the links to each section of the essay.
1. Social Upheaval – A discussion of the social and political changes affecting the United States of the 19th century.
2. The Nation Fractures – A chronology of the major events leading up to the 1860 election, from the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions to the John Brown raid.
3. Election and Secession – The election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 and the secession of South Carolina.
4. "Shall It Be Peace, or a Sword?" – The political and military crisis that developed from December, 1860 through to the "point of no return", the firing on Fort Sumter in April, 1861.
A. References – A list of references used to write the essay.